## NEET Physics Syllabus 2024

NEET Physics Syllabus 2024: National Eligibility Entrance Test, known as NEET, is a qualifying exam through which students can take admissions in medical courses like MBBS and BDS in several medical and dental colleges in India. NEET is conducted by the National Test Agency (NTA).

A candidate must opt science stream in the 11th and 12th to apply for this exam. To be precise, a candidate must pass Physics, Chemistry, and Biology/Biotechnology as their compulsory subjects in 11th and 12th to be eligible for NEET 2024.

Knowing the syllabus beforehand of every subject helps students prepare well for the NEET exam. Physics is one of the crucial subjects for NEET. Therefore, students must thoroughly download the NEET Physics syllabus to prepare for the NEET 2024 exam and score good marks. NEET Physics syllabus contains topics after considering various state boards, like CBSE, NIOS, COBSE, and ICSE. Therefore, all the candidates must check the syllabus, which chapters hold more weightage from the NEET 2024 Physics syllabus in the NEET 2024 exam. Once you have completed the syllabus, take NEET mock tests or solve the NEET previous year's question papers to test your knowledge.

### NEET Physics Syllabus 2024:

**UNIT 1: PHYSICS AND MEASUREMENT**

Physics: Physics, technology and society, Nature of physical laws, Scope and excitement

Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass, and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures

Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis, and its applications

**UNIT 2: KINEMATICS**

A frame of reference, Motion in a straight line; Position-time graph, speed, and velocity. Uniform and non-uniform motion, average speed, and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocity-time, and position-time graphs, for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment)

Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion. Scalar and vector quantities: Position and displacement vectors, general vectors, general vectors and notation, equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity.

Unit vectors. Resolution of a vector in a plane-rectangular component.

Scalar and Vector products of Vectors. Motion in a plane. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration- projectile motion. Uniform circular motion

**UNIT 3: LAWS OF MOTION**

Intuitive concept of force. Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse; Newton’s third law of motion. Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications.

Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication.

Dynamics of uniform circular motion. Centripetal force, examples of circular motion (vehicle on level circular road, vehicle on banked road).

**UNIT 4: WORK, ENERGY, AND POWER**

Work done by a constant force and variable force; kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, power.

Notion of potential energy, the potential energy of a spring, conservative forces; conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); nonconservative forces; motion in a vertical circle, elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.

**UNIT 5: ROTATIONAL MOTION**

Centre of mass of a two-particle system, momentum conservation, and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of uniform rod

Moment of a force,-torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples.

Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation, and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions; the moment of inertia, the radius of gyration. Values of M.I. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications

**UNIT 6: GRAVITATION**

Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. The universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth.

Gravitational potential energy; gravitational potential. Escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite. Geostationary satellites

**UNIT 7: PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS AND LIQUIDS**

Elastic behavior, Stress-strain relationship. Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, shear, modulus of rigidity, poisson’s ratio; elastic energy

Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, Reynold’s number, streamline and turbulent flow. Critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications

Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise

Heat, temperature, thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases. Anomalous expansion. Specific heat capacity: Cp, Cv- calorimetry; change of state – latent heat

Heat transfer- conduction and thermal conductivity, convection and radiation. Qualitative ideas of Black Body Radiation, Wein’s displacement law, and Greenhouse effect

Newton’s law of cooling and Stefan’s law

**UNIT 8: THERMODYNAMICS**

Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of Thermodynamics). Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and adiabatic processes

Second law of thermodynamics: Reversible and irreversible processes. Heat engines and refrigerators

**UNIT 9: KINETIC THEORY OF GASES**

Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas

Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic energy and temperature; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path

**UNIT 10: OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES**

Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time. Periodic functions. Simple harmonic motion(SHM) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant; energy in SHM –Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum-derivation of expression for its time period; free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance

Wave motion. Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of wave motion. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. Principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics. Beats. Doppler effect

**UNIT 11: ELECTROSTATICS**

Electric charges and their conservation. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole; torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field

Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell (field inside and outside)

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges: equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric diploes in an electrostatic field

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor, Van de Graaff generator

**UNIT 12: CURRENT ELECTRICITY**

Electric current, the flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V-I characteristics (liner and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity, and conductivity

Carbon resistors, color code for carbon resistors; series and parallel combinations of resistors; temperature dependence of resistance

Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel

Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications. Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge

Potentiometer-principle and applications to measure potential difference, and for comparing emf of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell

**UNIT 13: MAGNETIC EFFECTS OF CURRENT AND MAGNETISM**

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot-Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop

Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Cyclotron

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field. Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment. Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron. Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis. Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements

Para-, dia-and ferro-magnetic substances, with examples.

Electromagnetic and factors affecting their strengths. Permanent magnets.

**UNIT 14: ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION AND ALTERNATING CURRENTS**

Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s law, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual inductance

Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattles current

AC generator and transformer

**UNIT 15: ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES**

Need for displacement current

Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics (qualitative ideas only). Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves

Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, x-rays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses

**UNIT 16: OPTICS**

Reflection of light, spherical mirrors, mirror formula. Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula. Magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact combination of a lens and a mirror. Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism

Scattering of light- blue colour of the sky and reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset

Optical instruments: Human eye, image formation and accommodation, correction of eye defects (myopia and hypermetropia) using lenses

Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers

Wave optics: Wavefront and Huygens’ principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts

Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens’ principle

Interference, Young’s double hole experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light

Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum

Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes. Polarisation, plane polarized light; Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids

**UNIT 17: DUAL NATURE OF MATTER AND RADIATION**

Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation- particle nature of light

Matter waves- wave nature of particles, de Broglie relation. Davisson-Germer experiment (experimental details should be omitted; only the conclusion should be explained)

**UNIT 18: ATOMS AND NUCLEI**

Alpha- particle scattering experiments; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum. Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars; isotones

Radioactivity- alpha, beta and gamma particles/ rays and their properties decay law. Mass-energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion

**UNIT 19: ELECTRONIC DEVICES**

Energy bands in solids (qualitative ideas only), conductors, insulators and semiconductors; semiconductor diode- I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, diode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator. Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator. Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR). Transistor as a switch